Corporate Credit Scores

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Corporate Credit Scores

Once the business owner understands how important it is to establish and maintain a Corporate Credit Profile, it then becomes important to understand how this profile’s performance is rated and graded by the various reporting agencies. This is important so that the business owner might find ways to improve his corporation’s profile and thereby its creditworthiness and success. Although most of these agencies and organizations follow similar reporting and collecting guidelines, they all have unique, proprietary methodology that need to be considered.

Dun & Bradstreet (D&B™)

D&B™ has a vast database of credit profiles on millions of companies–it is probably the most often referred-to organization when it comes to seeking business or corporate credit ratings. D&B uses a multi-tiered approach to the rating of these businesses that involves a proprietary “Paydex” numerical scoring system for credit worthiness, along with a federal, and international government-recognized “D-U-N-S” system (Data Universal Numbering System) that is a very unique, and efficient, way to categorize a company. The Paydex system combines payment history, and current re-payment capabilities to assign a basic numerical score. In addition to the Paydex score, D&B also utilizes a very simple 1 to 4 credit rating system. Listed below is the Paydex scale:

Score Payment
100 Anticipate
90 Discount
80 Prompt
70 Slow to 15
50 Slow to 30
40 Slow to 60
30 Slow to 90
20 Slow to 120
UN Unavailable

 


Standard & Poors

Standard & Poor’s, also known as “S&P” rates companies on a scale from AAA through D, with an “NR” for companies that are too new or not yet rated. There are ratings between each letter grade that denotes position among that grade. In addition, many times S&P will also offer an opinion or informed statement known by them as a “credit watch” that denotes whether there is an impending change in the rating. The credit watch may denote a potential upgrade, downgrade, or forecast some uncertainty. Their rating scale is as follows:

Score Rating
AAA The Best rating – this denotes very stable, reliable companies.
AA A Very Good rating – this denotes reliable companies with a bit more risk than AAA
A Good rating – financial standing can be affected by the economy or market forces.
BBB A Satisfactory rating. – financial standing can be affected by the economy or market forces
BB A Less than Satisfactory rating – financial standing prone to be affected by the economy
B Much Less than Satisfactory – financial standing very unsteady
CCC Vulnerable to financial environment – unsteady
CC Highly Susceptible to financial environment – heavily dependent on favorable economic situation – Speculative prospect
C Very Speculative – May be in a state of arrears on some credit, or even in bankruptcy
CI Behind on interest payments
R In Bankruptcy and in the hands of Regulatory agency due to financial standing
SD Selectively Defaulted on certain loans or credit
D Defaulted – has defaulted on many obligations and S&P presumes this profile will default on most or all obligations
NR Not Rated

 


Equifax

Equifax provides a Small Business Credit Risk Score that intends to predict delinquency on financial accounts, and is designed for the financial services industry. This score is numeric, between 101 and 992, with a lower score denoting a greater risk of delinquency. Along with the numeric code, Equifax delivers up to four “reason codes” that serve to indicate which factors more greatly affected the score. Equifax also utilizes a unique “Commercial Score” system that separates “trade” credit from other credit (leases, etc.), based on the premise that business owners are more likely to meet real estate, lease, or banking lines of credit obligations over trade-related obligations. These scores attempt to predict the type of accounts most likely to be defaulted upon.

Credit Information Score

Score Risk
0-9 Lowest Risk
10-20 Average Risk
21-30 Above Average Risk
31-40 High Risk
41-69 Highest Risk
70 Information has been reported to Equifax from the Bankruptcy Court Office

Credit Information Score is Figured Using the Following Chart:

Years active in Equifax database 0-1 1.1-2 2.1-4 4.1-9 9.1+
Score 10 8 6 4 0
Current Payment Index 51+ 41-51 31-40 21-30 0-20
Score 10 7 5 4 0
Number of payment references in the last 90 days 0-1 2-3 4-6 7-10 11+
Score 10 8 5 3 0
Last quarter Payment Index vs. same quarter last year (difference in points) 41+ 21+40 11+20 6-10 0-5
Score 10 8 6 4 0
Number of derogatory items in the past 2 years 10+ 8-9 5-7 2-4 0-1
Score 10 8 5 3 0
How recent was the latest derogatory item (in months) 1-2 3-4 5-6 7-12 12+
Score 10 8 6 4 0
Amount of derogatory items as a % of dollars owed to suppliers 100% 51-99% 11-50% 1-10% 0%
Score 10 8 5 2 0

Payment Index

% of Database
0 65 All trade suppliers report payment within terms
1-10 8 Average days to pay is slightly beyond terms
11-20 6 Average days to pay is 10 to 20 days beyond terms
21-30 5 Average days to pay is 20 to 30 days beyond terms
31-40 6 Average days to pay is 30 to 40 days beyond terms
41-90 5 Only 5% of business in Equifax fall into this range
91-100 3 All trade suppliers report severe past due or default
NA NA No trade suppliers reported to Equifax

 


ClientChecker

ClientChecker bills itself out as the “freelancer’s credit bureau,” and relies on the reports of users of its invoicing software in order to assign a numerical rating to a given business or corporation. This number denotes the creditworthiness of the company being rated, and is known as the PayQuo score. This score accompanies an “Aggregate Business Credit Report” that includes the number of reported non-payments and the average number of late payments in days.

The PayQuo Score is issued according to the following table:

Score Rating
90 Paid Early or According to Terms
80 Paid 10 or Fewer Days past Terms
70 Paid 20 Days or Fewer past Terms
60 Paid 30 Days or Fewer past Terms
50 Paid 60 Days or Fewer past Terms
40 Paid 90 Days or Fewer past Terms
30 Paid 120 Days or Fewer past Terms
20 Paid 120 or more past Terms, ,or was Written Off

The chart is used to take an average in order to assess a score.


Experian

Experian is one of the mega-3 credit bureaus (along with Equifax and Transunion), and also uses specific Corporate Credit Profile ratings in order to grant credit worthiness scores to businesses and corporations. Experian relies on a couple of systems. One is the Intelliscore system that is designed to predict payment delinquencies in excess of 90 days. Used for businesses of any size, the IntelliscoreSMsystem assigns a risk score ranging from 0 to 100, with higher scores denoting less risk.

The other method used by Experian is the Vantage Score system. This system is intended to level the playing field, so to speak, so that differences in rating scores among the different rating agencies are a result of different parameters, and not merely different scores for the same credit issues. These scores were aligned consistently across each credit reporting company to create a score range from 501-990 that correspond to a simple grade-school type (and almost universally understood) A, B, C, D, and F.

The grades range as follows:

Score Rating
901-990 A
801 – 900 B
701 – 800 C
601 – 700 D
501 – 600 F

There are, of course, many more credit reporting agencies and organizations, although we have summarized the more popular organizations.

 


BusinessCreditUSA™

This agency is a sub division of InfoUSA™, and Is geared towards providing a simple, inexpensive, yet informative credit report. It issues a report that contains such things as the names of the officers or managers of a company, their contact information, references, the number of UCC filings, and a simple rating system that is basically an “A through C” chart, with a “U” rating for “unknown.” It gathers much of the information from the business owners themselves, but verifies this information independently.

This is the BusinessCreditUSA Ratings chart:

A+ 95+
A+ 90-94
B+ 85 – 89
B 80-84
C+ 75-79
C 70-74
U Unknown

 


FactualData™

FactualData (once known as FDInsight) offers a unique reporting venue for potential creditors or business partners by offer a menu-like selection of reference or search parameters. Using their unique data gathering system, they can check, bank references, business financial summary, and even public criminal records. The second largest reporting company in the mortgage/real-estate field, they wield a powerful research arm that collects and verifies the information supplied.


There are, of course, many more credit reporting agencies and organizations, although we have summarized the more popular organizations.