Yiya esidlangalaleni

Ukuqala kweshishini kunye neenkonzo zokukhusela iiasethi zobuqu.

Fumana

Yiya esidlangalaleni

Ungahamba njani esidlangalaleni- isiBonelelo sokuqala sikaRhulumente (i-IPO) ukuBuyiselwa kweXabiso, kunye neeShells zoLuntu

Yiya esidlangalaleni

Ukuhamba esidlangalaleni yinkqubo yokuthengisa izabelo zesitokhwe, ezazibanjelwe ngasese, kumalungu oluntu ngokubanzi. Inkqubo iyinkimbinkimbi, ilawulwa kakhulu kwaye inezibonelelo ezininzi, ukuthatha inkampani yakho esidlangalaleni:

  • Inceda ukuba ikhule ngokukhawuleza inkampani yakho ngokubonelela ngezixhobo ezongezelelweyo zemali.
  • Inceda ukuhenda kwaye ugcine abantu abaphezulu-bengabinamivuzo efanelekileyo (ngokusebenzisa iinketho zesitokhwe).
  • Khulisa inkampani yakho ngokukhawuleza ngokutsala abalawuli abanamava, abanamava.
  • Nyusa imali ekhawulezayo kunye nangeendleko ezincinci.
  • Yenyusa ukungabi namali kuwe nakubatyali-mali bakho.
  • Imithi inyusa imali enkulu kwaye iyenza isitokhwe esinokuthengiseka esinokusetyenziselwa ukufumana ezinye iinkampani kunye nokwakha ubuchule bokusebenza kunye nezinye iinkampani.
  • Ukunyusa umgangatho wokukhula kwakho ngokwandisa amandla akho okukhuphisana kwizivumelwano ezinkulu.
  • Ngokukhawuleza kwaye ngokubalulekileyo ukuphakamisa ixabiso lenkampani yakho.
  • Ukutsala imali kutyalo-mali lwakho kwishishini lakho ngokwenza ukuba lixabiseke ngakumbi, ngaloo ndlela yandise i-ROI yakho yobuqu.
  • Ukunyusa umgangatho weshishini lakho ngaloo ndlela kwenza kube lula ukutsala ishishini elitsha.

Ukuba sele unenkampani kawonkewonke singakunceda ukonyusa ixabiso lenkampani kunye nenzuzo kwaye sikuncede ukukhusela iimpahla kwiinkundla zomthetho.

Gcinga ezingqondweni; ayisiyokonyusa imali kuphela. Kukwangokuqiniseka ukuba
Inkampani iqhutywa kakuhle kwaye ilawulwa. Ii-CEO eziphezulu zisebenzela ukuzuzwa
abaninizabelo Gcina umdla wabo uphambili engqondweni kwaye baya kuyibona intsusa yakho kwaye abantu abaninzi banomdla kumbutho wakho. Yimbono yexesha elide ebaluleke hayi eyokudubula kwexesha elinye. Uya kudinga iqumrhu elilungelelaniswe ngokufanelekileyo, isicwangciso seshishini esifanelekileyo kunye nabantu abanolwazi ukuba bayenze. Nokuba use-US, Germany, China, Canada okanye kwenye indawo, funa uncedo kuthi.

Ufuna ntoni ngoncedo?

  • Ngaba uyafuna ukunyusa intengiso yakho?
  • Ngaba ufuna ukugcina iindleko ziphantsi?
  • Ngaba uyafuna ukufumana amanye amashishini kwaye kufuneka ufumane abagqatswa abalungileyo?
  • Ngaba ufuna isicwangciso seshishini esingcono?
  • Kuthekani ngentengiso kunye nentengiso? Dinga uncedo?
  • Ngaba ufuna inkqubo elungileyo yenkxaso kunye noluhlu lwabantu abanolwazi?
  • Kuthekani ngokukhuselwa kwabantu “okufutshane” kwisitokhwe sakho?
  • Ngaba ufuna ukwenza ushishino neenkampani ze-S&P 500?
  • Ngaba ufuna ukufumana igama lakho phaya kuluntu ngendlela yexabiso elingenaxabiso?
  • Ngaba uyafuna ukuphulukana namaphepha apinki kwaye unyuke uye kutshintshiselwano olukhulu?

Nantsi indlela yokuqalisa

  • Kukho ilungiselelo apho unokuxhasa ngezimali inkqubo "yokuhamba esidlangalaleni."
  • IVisa, MasterCard, iAmerican Express kunye nokuFumanisa nazo zamkelwe.
  • Inkqubo inokuphinda ikunike ukufikelela kwimali mboleko yokutyikitya kwe- $ 50,000 ngaphakathi kosuku olunye (ngokuxhomekeke kwimvume yababolekisi) kwaye,
  • Imali mboleko enkulu kakhulu ixhomekeke kwimpahla nakwixabiso lokuhamba kwemali ukuba ukusebenza kwakho kuphakamile kwaye
    iyabaleka.

Kumaxesha amaninzi, singenza amalungiselelo okuba oongxowankulu abasebenza eVenture baxhase ngemali inkqubo yokuhamba esidlangalaleni ngokujonga kwabo amandla enkampani yakho.

Nje ukuba uthathe inkampani yakho esidlangalaleni kukho iqela lonke lokudluliselwa esililungiselele ukukhulisa inqanaba lakho lempumelelo. Kukho abantu esinebudlelwane obude obude esizisebenzisayo okanye esinokuzisebenzisa ngokobuqu kwaye senze kakuhle kwezinye iinkampani. Nalu uluhlu oluyinxalenye:

  • Iiarhente zentengiso ezaziyo ukuba zeziphi iziphumo ezilungileyo ngeyona nto iphantsi.
  • Abacwangcisi beshishini
  • Abaqeshi babaqeshwa
  • Abacebisi malunga nentengiso
  • Iingcali zolawulo
  • Iingcali ngokudibeneyo ekuthengweni
  • Ezo kukunceda ukuphucula ukujongana neshishini kunye neenkampani ze-S&P 500

Sibe kwishishini iminyaka eyi-100

Amava abalo. Ukuhamba esidlangalaleni yinkqubo elawulwa kakhulu. Ke, ufuna ukuxhomekeka kwabo bakuncedayo. Kubalulekile ukuba uzive unethemba lokuba bayayazi ins kunye nokuphuma kwenkqubo ngamava amakhulu. Iqela lethu ligxile ekusebenzeni ngaphakathi kwimithetho yokhuseleko kwaye lenze indlela enxibe kakuhle yokunikela ngokukhawuleza nangokuphumelelayo.

Nazi ezinye izibonelelo zomntu ogqiba kwelokuba aye esidlangalaleni:

  • Imithi inyusa imali eyinkungu nelityala
  • Ukunyusa ixabiso leshishini.
  • Kulula kakhulu ukuphakamisa imali xa unenkampani yoluntu.
  • Ngaba ungasebenzisa isitokhwe ukuhlawulela iinkonzo ezifana nentengiso, ukukhuthaza imveliso, nezinye
    iinkonzo kunye nesitokhwe sezinye iinkampani.
  • Kulula ngakumbi ukufumana ezinye iinkampani- ngokuthenga inkampani ngesitokhwe.

Iindaba malunga nokuHamba koLuntu

Ukunikezelwa ngqo koNcedo loLuntu (i-DPO) kunokuba neenzuzo ezibalulekileyo kwi-IPO. Nge-IPO umntu kufuneka abhengeze ukuba ingakanani inkampani eza kunyusa ngokuthengisa izabelo. Ukuba eso sixa asinyuswanga, umnikelo awukwazi kugqitywa. Nangona kunjalo, kwi-DPO akukho mida ifanayo kwaye kuninzi ukuguquguquka kuba awunyanzelekanga ukuba uphakamise isixa semali oyicetisileyo ekunikezeleni kwakho njengoko kuya kufuneka kwi-IPO.

Ke, ukuba ucwangcisa okanye ucinga ukuhamba esidlangalaleni, kwaye ufuna ukwazi ngakumbi malunga nenkqubo yobhaliso lwe-SEC esebenza ngayo, kubandakanya iqokobhe loluntu okanye ukubuyisela umva, gcwalisa le fomu ngasekunene kwaye umntu uza kuxoxa nawe ngale nto. Siyakwazi ukubona ukuba ufuna kangakanani kanye xa ufuna ukuqala ukukhulisa imali enkulu. Buza malunga nendlela yokuhamba esidlangalaleni kwaye ubuze malunga nokudibanisa okuphindiweyo. Uncedo luyafumaneka kwimemorandam yokubekwa ngasese (PPM) kananjalo
Ukufumana i-capital capital yembewu, i-capital-up capital, abenzi bemakethi, iinkampani zeqokobhe nendlela yokuthatha inkampani yakho esidlangalaleni. Ulwazi malunga nendlela yokunyusa imali njengenkampani yoluntu ngokusemthethweni nangokubonakalayo lubonelelwe.

Xa wonke umsebenzi ugqityiwe, ishishini lakho liya esidlangalaleni kwaye ishishini lakho liya kuthi, libe yinkampani yoluntu. Sikubamba ngesandla kwaye sihamba nawe kwikhondo lesithintelo inyathelo ngenyathelo lenkqubo yokuba yinkampani ethengisa esidlangalaleni. Abasebenzi bethu abaxhasayo banokugcina uhlaziywe kwindlela yokwenza umdibaniso kunye nenkampani ethengisa esidlangalaleni. Umntu unokuhamba esidlangalaleni ngokudibanisa okungafaniyo kunye nenkampani yeqokobhe loluntu. I-DPO, nangona kunjalo, ihlala ilukhetho olukhethwayo kubantu abaninzi.

Yiya esidlangalaleni ngeNkuthazo efanelekileyo kunye noBudlelwane boTyalo-mali

Ubudlelwane nomtyali ofanelekileyo unesizathu sokufumana inzuzo, isemthethweni, kunye noxolo lwengqondo. Ke, ifirming yethu inokukunceda unxibelelane ngokufanelekileyo nabatyali mali kwaye ukhuthaze isitokhwe. Ngokungafaniyo neenkampani zabucala, inkampani kawonke wonke efayilishwe ngokufanelekileyo inokuthengisa intengiso ethe ngqo kuluntu.

Ngenkampani yakho kawonkewonke sinokukunceda ukuba ubize kwaye unyuse imali oyifunayo ishishini ngokukhawuleza kwaye ngokusemthethweni.

Singakunceda ukukhulisa ishishini lakho kubabukeli abakhulu kunangaphambili.

Ungarhweba ngesitokhwe ngeenkonzo zentengiso. Emva koko ungasebenzisa le ntengiso yasimahla kwaye uyisebenzise ukwenza umhlaba wazi ukuba uyinkampani yoluntu. Baninzi abantu abazokwazi ngawe ukuze abantu abaninzi bathenge kuwe. Oku kuyakunceda kumnqweno wakho wokunyusa imali ngoba uninzi lwabatyali-mali baya kwazi ukuba isitokhwe senkampani sikhona.

Inkqubo yoLuntu yokuHamba

Uninzi lwabantu aluqhelanga nendlela yokuhamba esidlangalaleni. Ke, senza kube lula. Amagama anjengokunikezelwa ngqo koluntu, unikelo lokuqala loluntu luqhelekile kodwa bambalwa abaqhelene neenkcukacha zendlela yokufika apho. Yintoni umenzi wentengiso? Wenza njani ukudibanisa okuphindiweyo? Ukunyusa imali? Yenza iqokelelo lombutho kawonke wonke? Leyo yimibuzo esiyiphendulayo kwaye ziinkonzo ezinokubonelelwa emva kokuba umnxeba.

Elinye lamanyathelo okuqala kukugcwalisa ifom yobhaliso lwe-S-1 kwaye uyifaka kwifayili
Ukhuseleko kunye neKhomishini yokuThengisa (i-SEC). Nje ukuba bavume ukugcwaliswa, amaxwebhu afakwa kwi-FINRA, uGunyaziwe oLawula iziMali zezoMali. Izinto eziphambili kunye neenkqubo nge-IPO kunye neenkqubo ze-DPO ziya kusingathwa ngendlela ephucukileyo kunye neenkqubo zokudityaniswa kweqokobhe loluntu, umthetho we-15c211 wokucoca iifom kunye nefom ye-8-K. I-EDGAR, emele ukuQokelelwa kweDatha ye-Elektroniki, Uhlalutyo, kunye nokuBuyisa okugqityiweyo kugqitywe ngokufanelekileyo ukuze inkampani yeqokobhe loluntu yenziwe, ukudibanisa okuphindaphindiweyo kwenzeka ngokufanelekileyo kunye nemali yokuqalisa okanye imali yokukhula iphakanyiswe ngempumelelo.

Njengoko besesitshilo ngaphambili kwinqaku, indlela ekhethiweyo ihlala iyi-DPO (ukuNikezelwa ngqo koLuntu). Yenza uqhakamshelwano kwaye sinokunikezela ngolwazi olusimahla kwesi sihloko kunye nendlela yokwenza kwakhona ukudibana nenkampani yeqokobhe loluntu. Ke, unokufunda ukuba ungayithatha njani inkampani yakho esidlangalaleni ngaphandle kwendleko zesiko. Ngaphezu koko, unokufumana iingcebiso malunga nokuba ungayithatha njani inkampani yakho esidlangalaleni kwaye kutheni kulula kakhulu ukuphakamisa imali usebenzisa inkampani yoluntu ngokungafani neyabucala.

Ukukhuthaza isitokhwe sakho-Akukho nto ilunge ngakumbi kuneNdaba elungileyo

I-IPO elungileyo malunga nokuthengisa ibali lakho. Eyona nto, ukuthengisa okufanelekileyo kuhlala kulungile
Ukubalisa ibali, awuvumi? Elinye lamanyathelo okuqala kukusebenza iintsuku ezimbalwa ebalini. Ibaleke abanye abantu. Emva koko, endaweni yokuba udlale malunga nezimvo ezindala ezifanayo, hlaziya ibali lakho ngokuqhubekayo. Abantu bathenga ngeemvakalelo kwaye bathethelele izigqibo zabo ngokwengqondo. Qiniseka ukuba ubandakanya zombini ukuqonda okuvakalayo okwenza ingqiqo kunye nobukhulu beemvakalelo obufumana iimolekyuli zomtyali zihamba. Xelela ibali eliza kwenza ukuba abantu bathethe.

Elona bali lilungileyo

Kukho ibali elinye kuphela elinokuthi lixelele iqela labatyalomali be-IPO: Ngaba inkampani yakho iza kuyenza njani imali ngakumbi kune-guy elandelayo? Uninzi lwamagosa adibeneyo kunye namalungu eBhodi amaninzi asetyenziselwa ukuhambisa kubathengi. Kodwa, hlala ukhumbula, ukuba kubalulekile ukuba umthengi akwazi kwaye into ayifunayo umtyali mali ihlala yahlukile. Ke, ukongeza ekuthetheni malunga neemveliso zakho kunye nento onokuyenza ngayo, xa uthetha nabatyali-mali, thetha nge-ROI yabo.

Ubhala ibali

Unokuba noncedo, kodwa ekugqibeleni, ibali kufuneka libhalwe nguwe. Lo ngumsebenzi we-CEO okanye we-CFO. Ukuphindaphinda, abantu bathenga ngeemvakalelo kwaye bathethelele ukuthengwa okunengqondo. Ke, ukuba ibali bobabini liyavakala kwaye livela entliziyweni yakho, linentsingiselo enzulu kwaye liyinyani kuwe, abaphulaphuli bakho baya kukuva oku, banokuqhutywa yimvakalelo ukuba benze, kwaye banokusenza lula isigqibo sabo.

Sisebenze neenkampani ezimbini ezazikumzi mveliso ophezulu. Omnye wabaphathi becandelo utshise ioyile yasezinzulwini zobusuku elungiselela intshumayelo enentsingiselo kunye nentliziyo. Umphathi omkhulu kwenye inkampani wayenabathengisi abantu ukuba benze inkcazo. Iminikelo yayiswa kwaye ixabiswa ngosuku olwahlukileyo. Eyokuqala, apho i-CEO yayinentliziyo yakhe kululwaziso, yaya ngaphezulu kunoluhlu lwamaxabiso ayo. Elesibini lahlala ezantsi. Kukho isizathu esihle soku.

Lahla iHype

Ukuba ukhe wayibona itrayi yokuzama kumdlalo weTV "American Idol," apho iijaji zibona enye ikhwela ukucula emva komnye, ubonile ukuba uSimon Cowell uyacekiseka xa umgqatswa enxibe impahla yokunxiba okanye esebenzisa enye into. Bajonge italente hayi i-hype.

Abatyali mali beziko bayalingana. Banokubona izindululo ezitsha ezintlanu ukuya kwezilishumi zokutyala imali yonke imihla evekini. Bazibonile zonke. Emva kwethuba bayagxeka kwaye bethandabuza kwaye kufuneka ukuba bacwangcise amatye anqabileyo amaninzi ukuze bafumane izinto ezimbalwa zegolide. Iphyyper hyperbole ayincedi. Eyona nto iphambili kwimizuzu yokuqala yentetho yakho. Yilapho uninzi luya kwenza isigqibo. Phantse kubaluleke kakhulu yimizuzu yokugqibela ye-10-15 ngexesha lesigaba sokubuza kunye nesokuphendula. Abatyalomali bafuna ukubona ukuba ubambelela njani xa imibono yakho iphikiswa ngomngeni.

Nanku umbuzo ebuzwa yi-CEO nganye apha endleleni: “Yeyiphi eyona nto inkulu yakho
Umceli mngeni? ”Ngamanye amagama,“ Yintoni ekugcina ebusuku? ”Eyona ndlela uphendulayo ngayo kukuvuma izono zakho kunye nokwazisa abaphulaphuli ngento oyenzayo ukusombulula iingxaki.

Inkcazo-ntetho yakho idla ngokuba yimizuzu ye-45. Yiyo yonke into onayo. Ke, yiphose ibhombu kwaye ubanike eyona mpazamo yakho kwimizuzu emithathu yokuqala. Oko kuya kubenza bafune ukuhlala phezulu kwaye baqwalasele ngexesha le-42 elandelayo. Kutheni nahlukile?

Nanku umzekelo olungileyo. Umphathi oyintloko wenkampani eyila isicoci searobhothi wayethetha neqela labatyalomali ngale ndlela: "Makhe ndiqalise intetho yakhe ngombuzo, Bangaphi abantu namhlanje abakhe bacoca umgangatho?" Wonke umntu waphakamisa izandla. “Bangaphi bakho abathanda ukuyenza?” Akukho zandla ziphakanyisiweyo. Njengawe, kukho izigidi zabantu emhlabeni jikelele abangakuthandiyo ukucoca imigangatho yabo. I-Robot ye-ABC inemveliso yokusombulula le ngxaki. "

Sinokukunceda kutshanje ngokubhekisele kwinkqubo ye-IPO (Initial Public Offering), ukubuyela umdibaniso, uMgaqo 15c211, UMmiselo D, ukuya kwiibhokobhoko zikawonke wonke kunye noluntu. Ukongeza, nxibelelana nathi ngolwazi malunga neeMemorandam zoLwaziso lwaBucala (PPM), Rule 504, Rule 506, ukonyusa imali yokuqalisa kunye nokuqalisa capital, ukhuseleko lwezinto kumatyala omthetho, kunye nokwenziwa kwenkampani entsha e-US nakwamanye amazwe.

Kukho ubugcisa kuyo. Ukunyusa imali enkulu kunokuba yinto ebalaseleyo. Sinemaphu. Funda ngento eyenzekayo xa inkampani ihamba esidlangalaleni kwaye ibone ukuba inokukunceda njani.

Uya kufunda ngakumbi malunga nendlela inkampani ehamba ngayo esidlangalaleni kwaye uya kuziva ukhululekile ukwenza isigqibo kwindlela efanelekileyo kuwe. Ke, ngolwazi oluthe kratya kunye neenkcazo kunye namanyathelo okulwa ukudibanisa okungafaniyo, ukudibana kweqokobhe loluntu okanye ukuhanjiswa ngqo kukawonkewonke (i-DPO), tsalela inombolo ephezulu kweli phepha. Ngokwemvelo, akukho lunye ulwazi oluqulathwe apha oluya kuthathwa njengesemthethweni, irhafu okanye ezinye iingcebiso zobungcali. Ukuba ziyafuneka iinkonzo zegqwetha elinelayisensi kunye / okanye i-accounting kufuneka.

Xa ukulungele ukuya esidlangalaleni, nxibelelana nathi. Sisebenza ukusukela nge1906 kwaye saziwa kwihlabathi jikelele njengeenkokeli kuyilo lwenkampani kwaye siya esidlangalaleni.