Inkampani eXananelwe uxanduva Inkampani

Ukuqala kweshishini kunye neenkonzo zokukhusela iiasethi zobuqu.

Fumana

Inkampani eXananelwe uxanduva Inkampani

Inkampani encinci yamatyala, okanye i-LLC sisimo sombutho weshishini esivumela unyango oluthile olufanelekileyo, kunye nokukhuselwa kwetyala lomntu, kumalungu abandakanyekayo. Kubalulekile ukuba uqaphele ukuba uyilo oluthile kunye nenqanaba linokuhluka ngokwakwimo nganye ngoku kuthathelwa ingqalelo ngokupheleleyo kwemithetho karhulumente apho i-LLC iza kusekwa ibalulekile.

I-LLC njengemodeli yesakhiwo seshishini ivumela abanini abaninzi, okanye "aMalungu," kunye "nelungu eliLawulayo," ukonwabela uxanduva olulinganiselweyo. Ilungu eliphetheyo lihlala liyintloko yombutho kwaye linoxanduva lolawulo lwalo. Inzuzo okanye ilahleko yombutho weshishini idlula ngokuthe ngqo kwilungu lokubuyisa ingeniso yelungu (IRS iFom 1040). I-LLC ifayile kwi-Fom 1065, emva koko idwelise uluhlu lwerhafu yelungu ngalinye kwi-Fom ye-IRS K-1. Inzuzo eseleyo ye-LLC ayithathwa njengengeniso efunyenwe ngaMalungu (nangona inokuba yeLungu eliLawulayo njengenyathelo elilodwa loncedo "lokufumana inzuzo" jonga ngezantsi), kwaye ke ngoko ayixhomekeki kwirhafu yokuzenzela umsebenzi.

Izibonelelo ze-LLC

  • I-LLC ivumela inani lamalungu angenamda; Nangona kunjalo, ukuba i-LLC inomniniyo omnye (iLungu), iyakuthunyelwa kwirhafu njengobunini bepropathi.
  • I-LLC ivumela "ulwabiwo olulodwa" lweenzuzo-ukwahlulahlula inzuzo kunye neelahleko zelungu (kwiipesenti ezahlukeneyo kunobunini bazo). Oku kuthetha ukuba aMalungu angazonwabela izibonelelo zokufumana inzuzo (kunye nokubhala ilahleko) ngaphezulu kwepesenti yobunini bawo.
  • Amalungu ayayonwabela uxanduva olunoVimba, oko kuthetha ukuba akhuselwe ngokobuqu kulo naluphi na uxanduva lwe-LLC kunye nezigwebo eziphumeleleyo, nakwi-LLC uqobo.
  • Ukulawula isabelo seLungu leNgeniso leNgeniso kuthathwa njengengeniso ngenxa yokuba iLungu eliphetheyo lithathwa njengomnini-osebenzayo- ke ngoko kufanelekile ukuba lilungu eliphetheyo lonyango.
  • Isabelo samalungu selungelo elisezantsi ("umnatha") wenzuzo ye-LLC ayijongwa njengengeniso, kwaye ke ayixhomekeki kwirhafu yokuziqeshisa.
  • Amalungu ahlawulelwa ngokusebenzisa ukuhanjiswa kwenzuzo okanye iintlawulo eziqinisekisiweyo. Ukusasazwa kwenzuzo kuvumela ilungu ngalinye ukuba lizibhatale ngokwalo ngokubhala iitshekhi- ngalo lonke ixesha bafuna imali (ukuba ishishini linemali ekhoyo). Iintlawulo eziqinisekisiweyo zibonisa umvuzo uzuze kumalungu, ngaloo ndlela ebafanelekela ukuba axhamle izibonelelo ze "nzuzo ezincitshisiweyo zerhafu".
  • ILungu eliLawulayo le-LLC linokutsala i-100% yeeprimiyamu ze-inshurensi yezempilo ayihlawulayo, ukuya kuthi ga kwinqanaba lesabelo sazo se-pro-rata sengeniso ye-LLC, kuba inzuzo ithathwa njengengeniso. Qaphela: Ukuba ilungu lifumene umvuzo, liya kulunga.
  • I-Arhente inokuba lilungu le-LLC. Oku kukuvumela ukuba udale inqanaba elongezelelweyo lobunini, elenzelwe ukwenza iziko elinokubonelela "ngeenzuzo zesiko" njengezicwangciso zomhlalaphantsi kunye nenqanaba elongezelelweyo lokuzikhusela kwityala.
  • NjengeLungu, unakho ukufaka isandla kwi-capital okanye kwezinye ii-asethi kwi-LLC, okanye ubolekise imali kwi-LLC ukubeka iidola okanye ixabiso kwishishini. Ungasusa iidola ngokuthatha imali-mboleko yakho (kunye nenzala), ukuhambisa inzuzo okanye intlawulo eqinisekisiweyo. Ukuba kukho naliphi na ilungu elisweleke, i-LLC inokuqhubeka nokubakho-ngokuxhomekeke kuvoto elinye nelinomdla kuwo onke amalungu aseleyo.

Ukungalunganga kwe-LLC

  • Isabelo ngasinye se-pro-rata selungu ngalinye lesibonelelo-mali simele ingeniso yerhafu-nokuba ngaba isabelo selungu asifumene.
  • Isabelo seLungu eliphetheyo lenzuzo esezantsi ye-LLC sithathwa njengengeniso, kwaye ke ngoko kuxhomekeka kwirhafu yokuziqeshisa.
  • Isabelo sikaMalungu senzuzo esezantsi asithathwa njengengeniso ngenxa yokuba aMalungu athatyathwa njengabanini abangasebenziyo; ke ngoko, aMalungu awakulungelanga ukufumana unyango olukhethekileyo lwe-“fringe faida”.
  • Njengelungu le-LLC, akuvumelekile ukuba uzihlawulele ngokwakho umvuzo.

Ukongeza, i-LLC yabelana ngezibonelelo ezimbalwa ngaphezulu kwezinye izakhiwo zeshishini-umzekelo, ngelixa iqhekeza le-S "icandelo" lingavumela ukukhuselwa okufanayo kunye neendawo zokuhanjiswa kweeasset, zithintelwe kwi-75 "stockholders," kwaye akukho namnye ezi stockholders zinokuba zikwimo yeQumrhu okanye ii-IRA's (ngokwahlukileyo kwi-LLC evumela iiMibutho njenge "maLungu") - ngaloo ndlela kuncitshiswe le ndlela kwimibutho emincinci okanye ngokunyanzela ukuthengwa okanye ukuthengwa kwe-stockholders kwaleyo mibutho inqwenela ukuguqula .

Ezona zizathu ziphambili ze-LLC Fform okanye Umbutho weNkampani eNamatyala uxanduva lokukhuselwa kwezomthetho, ukuthembeka, ukonga irhafu, izibonelelo zabasebenzi ezinokukhuseleka, ukukhuselwa kwee-asethi, ukungaziwa, ukukhululeka kokunyusa imali enkulu, ukudala icandelo lezomthetho elizimeleyo lokukhusela, Uluhlu lwamagunya angaphaya kwento yobunini bayo, izibonelelo zamatyala amancinci zenkundla, uxanduva olwahlukileyo lokuhlawulwa kwetyala kunye nobungakanani bexesha. Emva kokudalwa kwe-LLC okanye i-LLC ukufaka umntu ozimeleyo ngokusemthethweni. Ungumntu onesabelo. Ungalawula iqumrhu. Nangona kunjalo, xa ishishini lakho limangalelwa ungakhuseleka ekubanjisweni ngokwakho emva kokwenza i-LLC okanye i-LLC Fuction.

Ukunciphisa uxanduva lobuqu

Xa usenza i-LLC okanye i-LLC ukumanyanisa udala umntu owahlukileyo komnye okanye abangabanini. Ke ngoko, xa kusenziwa i-LLC okanye i-LLC Incorporation yakho kumangalelwa, kukho imigaqo emthethweni yokukhusela abanini (amalungu) kunye nabaphathi kwityala labo. Nje ukuba ube neshishini noluntu okanye unomsebenzi omnye, uvulelekile kumatyala asemthethweni. Unyaka nonyaka kukho amawaka ethu aphulukana phantse nayo yonke into esinayo ngenxa yobutyala beshishini lethu elingafakwanga. Ukongeza, kanye emva koHlelo lwe-LLC kubalulekile ukuba ishishini lakho lilandele imigaqo ethile ethile, elula, ukuze ijongeka kwaye isebenze njengeziko elisemthethweni elahlukileyo. Umntu unokwandisa oku kukhuselo lwetyala nangakumbi nge series I-LLC, eyinkampani enye enoxanduva lwemingxuma yemiqolo.

Ukwenza iArhente yeRhafu yeTekhnoloji

Kukho ukucutha irhafu ngakumbi okukhoyo emva kokwenza i-LLC kunamashishini angezizo ii-LLC. Imizekelo embalwa yezibonelelo onokuthi uyonwabele xa usenza iNkampani eNamatyala eLizwe ibandakanya iindleko zonyango, isicwangciso sepension, uhambo lweshishini kunye nokuzonwabisa. Kunikwe ingxelo yokuba iqela elinepesenti ephezulu yokuphicothwa kwerhafu yeyona nto ibandakanya ifom engu-C “C” efakwe ngumntu oziqeshileyo. Izinga lokuphicothwa kweZiko leMibutho yezeZimali lisesezantsi kakhulu kunelo lizisebenzelayo. Unokuba ngumsebenzi kwaye uqashwe yi-LLC Incorporation yakho ngaxeshanye, ngaloo ndlela, ususa iShedyuli "C" yokubuyisa umsebenzi ngokwakho kuluhlu lwamaxwebhu erhafu afakwe kwi-IRS. I-IRS ibonakala inika unyango olukhethekileyo emva kokwenza i-LLC kunye ne-LLC Fuction malunga nokuncitshiswa kwerhafu.

IziBonelelo eziSebenzayo zabaSebenzi

Xa usenza i-LLC unakho ukubonelela ngokuhlu oluninzi lwezinto zokuhlawula irhafu kuwe kunye nabasebenzi bakho. Nokuba ngumntu omnye owenza i-LLC okanye i-LLC yokufakelwa unokufumana izibonelelo ezihlawulelwayo zerhafu njengokuncitshiswa kweinshurensi yezempilo, ukuncitshiswa kokuhamba, ukuncitshiswa kwezithuthi, ukuncitshiswa kwezolonwabo, indawo zokuzonwabisa kunye nokunye okuninzi. Esona sibonelelo sinokuxhamla sisicwangciso sepenshini okanye i-401K. Imali ebekwe kwisicwangciso sepenshini eyakhiwe kakuhle ayitsalwa irhafu kwaye imali ikhulela ngaphandle kwirhafu yomhlala phantsi. Ezi nzuzo zibalulekileyo zodwa zinokuhlawula ngokwenza i-LLC okanye i-LLC Formation yakho amaxesha amaninzi ngaphezulu.

I-LLC kunye nokuKhuselwa kweeasethi

Inkqubo yomthetho ivela kwenye yezalathiso ezimbini: ishishini okanye elomntu. Xa ishishini lakho lityholwa-umntu othile ehla enyuka endaweni yeshishini lakho, engena engozini yemoto ngexesha lokusebenza, umzekelo - kukho izibonelelo ezisemthethweni ukuze uQinisekele i-LLC okanye i-LLC Corporation ikukhusele ekubanjweni ngokobuqu. Nangona kunjalo, xa ubanjwa buqu - ukungena kwengozi yemoto ngexesha elingasebenziyo kwaye ubanjiwe ngaphezulu kokuhlawulwa yi-inshurensi, umzekelo, ukwenza i-LLC okanye i-LLC Formation kunokubonelela ngokhuseleko olungcono. Ukwenza i-LLC kunamalungu. Ukufakwa kwe-LLC kunabanini zabelo. Umthetho odibeneyo uvumela ukuba isitokhwe sakho sithathwe sigqwetha. Ngokuchasene noko, kukho izibonelelo ezisemthethweni ezinokuthi xa ubekwa buqu, ubulungu bakho kwi-LLC yakho bukhuselwe ekuthini bususwe kuwe. Esi sesinye sezizathu zokuba iNkqubo yokwenza i-LLC ibe lolona khetho lubalulekileyo lokutyala iimpahla ezinjengezindlu nomhlaba.

I-LLC kunye nokungaziwa

Ukuba nepropathi ngegama lakho, njengeshishini, ipropathi yotyalo mali okanye imoto, kubonelela ngokujolisa ngokulula ekujongeni. Phambi kokuqala kwetyala, kuqhelekile ukuba igqwetha lenze uphando ngempahla. Ukuba akukho zi asethi zibekwe ngegama lakho oku kuya kunciphisa ithuba lokumangala. Ukubeka ii-asethi egameni leNkampani yoLwakhiwo kunye neNkampani zoThwala oluTshitshisiweyo kunokubonelela ngengubo yobumfihlo phakathi kwakho kunye nabo bacinga amanyathelo asemthethweni. Le mfihlo iyaphucuka xa kudweliswa abaphathi "abatyunjiweyo". NgeNkampani eChongiweyo yeNkampani eyabucala yeNkampani, ugcina ubunini kunye nolawulo lwenkampani yakho. Nangona kunjalo, unyula iiNkampani eziMele abaMeli (abanakho ukulawula okanye ubunini beOfisi yakho) ukuba idweliswe kwiirekhodi zoluntu.

Ukunyusa iRhuluneli

Kukho umthombo omkhulu wolawulo-mali olukhoyo kwi-Arhente ye-LLC kunye ne-LLC Fuction kunokubambisana okanye ubuxhasi. Kuba ukwenza i-LLC kwahlukile kubaninimzi, abantu bathanda ngakumbi ukutyala imali ngaphandle kokwamkela uxanduva okanye uxanduva lweshishini lenkampani. Uluhlu lweForbes 400 lwabantu abazityebileyo baseMelika lugcwele ngabantu ababambe eyona pesenti iphakamileyo yobutyebi babo ngobunini beenkampani abaqala ngazo okanye iintsapho zabo. Uninzi-lobunini bezinto ezizodwa okanye amashishini okusebenzisana athengiselwa umvuzo omnye okanye kabini ngonyaka. Ngelixa iinkampani ezininzi zixabiseke phakathi kwe12 ukuya kumaxesha e-25 umvuzo wonyaka okanye ngaphezulu.

Imeko eyahlukeneyo yeQumrhu eliluMthetho

Kungenxa yokuba wena kunye nokufakelwa kwakho kwe-LLC zizinto ezimbini ezizimeleyo zomthetho, izityholo ezizisiweyo ezichasene nenkampani yakho azidingi kuchaphazela wena buqu. Xa iNkampani yeTyala loTyalo-mali iboleka imali, kukho amanyathelo anokuthi ungabenoxanduva lokuhlawula ityala lakho. Ukwenza i-LLC kuhlala kuhleli emva kobomi bomnini. Nangona kunjalo, ubunini bokubodwa kuyayeka ukubakho emva kobomi bomnini.

Uluhlu olubanzi lweMandla

Ukwenza i-LLC kungabandakanyeka kunoma yimuphi umsebenzi osemthethweni, kubandakanya, kodwa kungaphelelanga koku kulandelayo:

  • Ukwenza i-LLC kunamandla okubamba, ukuthenga kunye nokuhambisa ipropathi yangempela kunye nepropathi yomntu kunye nokubolekwa kwezindlu okanye ukurentisa nayiphi na into enjalo kunye nobunini obunikazi kunye nokugunyazwa. Ukudityaniswa kwe-LLC kunamandla okubamba iipropathi zangempela kunye nezabucala kulo naliphi na ilizwe, ummandla okanye ilizwe.
  • Unamandla okwenza izivumelwano.
  • Inokubakho ngokuqhubekayo, nasemva kokubhubha komniniyo.
  • Ngaba inamandla okuboleka imali xa kufanelekile ukuthunyelwa kweshishini layo, okanye ukusetyenziswa kwamalungelo enkampani, amalungelo okanye izibonelelo, okanye ngayo nayiphi na enye into esemthethweni yokusekwa kwayo.
  • Ukwenza i-LLC kunye ne-LLC Fuction kungakhupha iibhondi, amanqaku athembisayo, amatyala otshintshiselwano, ubuchule, kunye nezinye izibophelelo kunye nobungqina bamatyala, ahlawulelwa ngexesha okanye amaxesha achaziweyo, okanye ahlawuleke ngokwenzekileyo kumsitho okanye kwimicimbi ethile, nokuba kukhuselwe ngu ubambiso, isibambiso okanye ngenye indlela, okanye engakhuselekanga, ebolekwe imali, okanye intlawulo yepropathi ethengiweyo, okanye efunyenweyo, okanye nayiphi na into esemthethweni.
  • Ukudityaniswa kwe-LLC Corporation kunye ne-LLC kunamandla okumangalela nokumangalela kuyo nayiphi na inkundla yomthetho okanye ukulingana.
  • Unamandla okunyula amagosa kunye neearhente njengoko imicimbi yenkampani iya kufuna, kwaye ibavumele imbuyekezo efanelekileyo.
  • Ngaba unawo amandla okwenza isivumelwano sokusebenza esingangqinelani nomgaqo-siseko okanye imithetho yase-United States, okanye lele Ntetho apho i-LLC yenzelwe khona ulawulo, ulawulo kunye nemicimbi yemicimbi yakhe kunye nepropathi, ukuhambisa isitokhwe, ukuthengiselana kweshishini lakhe, kunye nokubizwa nokubanjwa kweentlanganiso zabaphetheyo.
  • Ngaba unamandla okuphefumla kwaye uzinyibilikise, okanye unenxeba okanye uchithe.
  • Ngaba unamandla okwamkela nokusebenzisa itywina lenkampani okanye isitampu, kwaye uguqule okufanayo ngolonwabo.
  • Ngaba unamandla okuqinisekisa, ukuthenga, ukubamba, ukuthengisa, ukuhambisa, ukuhambisa, ukubambisa okanye ukubambisa enye into kubulungu, okanye nayiphi na imvumelwano, ukhuseleko okanye ubungqina boxanduva lokuqulunqa, okanye nayiphi na enye inkampani, ngelixa abanini iiyunithi, iibhondi, ukhuseleko okanye ubungqina bokuba unetyala, ukusebenzisa onke amalungelo, amagunya kunye namalungelo obunini, kubandakanya ilungelo lokuvota, ukuba likho.
  • Ngaba inamandla okuthenga, ukubamba, ukuthengisa kunye nokudlulisela iyunithi yobulungu bayo, kwaye isebenzise i-capital, i-capital surplus, intsalela, okanye enye impahla okanye ingxowa.
  • Ngaba unamandla okuqhuba ishishini, une-ofisi enye okanye ezingaphezulu, kwaye ubambe, uthengise, ubambiso kwaye ugqithise impahla yokwenene kunye neyakho nakweyiphi na into kuwo onke amazwe, imimandla, izinto kunye nokuxhomekeka eUnited States, kwiSithili seColumbia amazwe njengoko kuvunyelwe ngumthetho.
  • Ngaba unawo amandla okwenza konke nayo yonke into eyimfuneko nelungele ukwenziwa kwezinto ezifakelweyo kwisatifikethi sayo okanye amanqaku ombutho, okanye naluphi na utshintsho lwayo, okanye luyimfuneko okanye luyenzeka ekukhuseleni nasekuzuzeni i-LLC, kwaye, ngokubanzi, ukuqhuba naliphi na ishishini elisemthethweni elifunekayo okanye elifumanayo ekufumaneni izinto ze-LLC, nokuba loo nto ayifani ngokwemvelo kwizinto ezichazwe kwisatifikethi okanye kumanqaku ombutho wenkampani, okanye naluphi na utshintsho olo.
  • Ngaba unawo amandla okwenza iminikelo kwintlalo-ntle yoluntu okanye ngeenjongo zesisa, ezenzululwazi okanye zemfundo.
  • Ngaba unamandla okungena kubambiswano, ngokubanzi okanye umda, okanye amathuba okudibana, ngokunxulumene nayo nayiphi na imisebenzi esemthethweni, njengoko inokuvunyelwa ngumthetho.

INkundla yamangalo amancinci

Inkampani yeTyala elinoMda inokuthumela umphathi, igosa, umlawuli okanye umsebenzi ukuba amele inkampani kwiinkundla zamatyala amabango amancinci. Ngokungafani nelungelo lokuhanjiswa, oku kungalikhulula ixesha lomnini wokuqhuba ishishini ngelixa abasebenzi benyamekela imicimbi yezomthetho.

Uxanduva olwahlukeneyo lokuDityaniswa kwaMatyala

Ukwenza i-LLC kunye ne-LLC Fuction zohlukile kwezabo. Ukuba inkampani ilahlekelwa ngumthetho okanye inetyala ayinakho ukuhlawula, ukwenza i-LLC okanye i-LLC Formation ngokwayo inoxanduva. Inkampani eneTyala elinoMda inokunikezela ngesixhobo esikhuselekileyo sokukhusela iiasethi zakho zamalungu kunye nabaphathi. Ngokwahlukileyo, ngokubanini okanye ukusebenzisana, abanini banokuphulukana nezinto zabo zetyala elishishini. Ukuba amalungu kunye / okanye abaphathi baqinisekisile ngokobuqu amatyala enkampani, ngokuqinisekileyo, banokugwetywa. Ukongeza, ukwenza i-LLC kufuneka kusekwe kwaye kusetyenziswe ngokufanelekileyo ukuze ikhaka lomthetho lihlale endaweni. Kukhuseleko oluphezulu, kububulumko ngokusemthethweni ukuphatha i-LLC Corporation njengeziko elisemthethweni elahlukileyo. Umzekelo, kubalulekile ukuhlawula iindleko zenkampani ngemali yenkampani (okanye uqiniseke ukuba inkampani iyakubuyisela kwangoko ngeendleko zeshishini ukuba uzihlawule ngokwakho). Kwelinye icala, ngekhe uhlawule ityala lakho lombane ngemali yenkampani. Endaweni yoko, inkampani ikubhatala umvuzo kwi-akhawunti yokukhangela inkampani (ekutsalwa kwirhafu kwinkampani). Ufaka itsheki yomvuzo wakho kwiakhawunti yakho yokukhangela kwaye usebenzisa ezo mali ukuhlawula ityala lakho lombane.

Olunye ulwazi

Ndidinga amalungu amabini?

Amazwe amaninzi avumela ukwenziwa kwee-LLC zelungu elinye. Amanye amazwe afuna amalungu amabini okanye ngaphezulu. Kubalulekile ukukhumbula ukuba i-IRS inokufaka uxanduva lweerhafu ezahlukeneyo kwi-LLC enelungu elinye kuphela (irhafu njengequmrhu okanye iqela elingahlawulwanga ngeenjongo zerhafu) kunokuba isenza kwi-LLC enamalungu angaphezu kwelinye ).

Ngaba kufuneka ndibambe iintlanganiso ze-LLC?

Kumazwe amaninzi, i-LLC ayimfuneko ukubamba iintlanganiso ezililungu / zomphathi ngokulula ukuze kugcinwe ukhuseleko olunikwa ngokuchasene noxanduva njengoko kufunwa ngamagosa / ngabalawuli kunye nabanini zabelo bemibutho. Umzekelo, iCarlifonia ayifuni iintlanganiso zamalungu / zabaphathi ngaphandle kokuba amaNqaku e-LLC oMbutho afuna ngokwenene

Ngubani ovota kwi-LLC?

Kwiimeko ezininzi, amalungelo okuvota alingana nepesenti yobulungu ("ubunini"). Nangona kunjalo, amanqaku ombutho okanye isivumelwano somsebenzi anokumisela iseti eyahlukileyo yeendlela zokufikelela kumalungelo okuvota

Ndingakwazi ukuthengisa izabelo zeLungu?

Ngokwesiqhelo, izabelo zamalungu zingathengiswa kuphela ngemvume yamalungu abambe uninzi lwenzala, ngaphandle kokuba kuchazwe ngolunye uhlobo ngamanqaku ombutho okanye isivumelwano somsebenzi ..

Ihlala ixesha elingakanani i-LLC?

Amazwe amaninzi ngoku avumela i-LLC ukuba ibekho rhoqo. Kwixesha elidlulileyo le-LLC kwakufuneka linike umhla apho ubukho be-LLC buzakuphela. Kwiimeko ezininzi, ngaphandle kokuba kubonelelwe ngolunye uhlobo kumanqaku ombutho okanye isivumelwano esibhaliweyo sokusebenza, i-LLC iyanqunyanyiswa ekufeni, ukurhoxa, ukurhoxa, okanye ukungabinamali kwilungu, ngaphandle kokunye.

Ngaba ndifuna isiVumelwano sokuSebenza?

Ewe, ukugqitywa kokudalwa kwe-LLC kubandakanya ukuyilwa kwesiVumelwano sokuSebenza. IsiVumelwano sokuSebenza kufuneka senziwe, ngaphambi okanye ngokuthe ngqo emva kokugcwaliswa kweNqaku loMbutho. Isivumelwano esisebenzayo sinokuba sesomlomo okanye sibhalwe phantsi.

Nguwuphi umsebenzi wephepha ekufuneka usenza i-LLC?

Amanqaku oMbutho kufuneka abhalwe ngokusemthethweni aze afayilishwe kwi-ofisi karhulumente. Imali yokuqala kufuneka ihlawulwe ngeli xesha.

Zeziphi iziphazamiso ze-LLC?

Akukho ukuqhubeka okuqinisekileyo. Ukuba ilungu ligxothiwe, lasweleka, likhubazekile okanye liyarhoxa, i-LLC iyachithwa ngaphandle kokuba amaNqaku oMbutho okanye isiVumelwano sokuSebenza ichaza ngenye indlela. Xa i-LLC isekwe, amanye amabango afuna ukuba umhla wokucinywa kwe-LLC urekhodwe. Kwelinye icala, iqumrhu liza kuhlala likho njengequmrhu xa kusweleke, ukukhubazeka okanye ukugxothwa komphathi (s) okanye igosa (amagosa). Kukho umsebenzi omkhulu wamaphepha abandakanyekayo kwi-LLC yendalo. Iinkampani ezifakelweyo ziqhayisa ngokwazo xa zisenza le nkqubo ngokukhawuleza kwaye ifaneleke. Ukuba ucinga i-LLC, nceda unxibelelane namaqabane ethu ukuze axoxe ngendlela esinokukunceda ngayo.

Leliphi Ilizwe ekufuneka Ndenze I-LLC kulo

Lo ngumbuzo obaluleke kakhulu oqhubeka ujongwa ngononophelo lwezinto ezininzi. Ngelixa awunyanzelekanga ukuba ubandakanye kwilizwe lakho, kufuneka uthathele ingqalelo izinto ezinjengokuhlalutya iindleko zokubandakanya njengequmrhu langaphandle okanye i-LLC kwelinye ilizwe, indawo ebonakalayo amaziko akho, ukuba ikhona, kunye nokuphononongwa ngenyameko izibonelelo zokubandakanya imeko engeyiyo eyakho.

Imirhumo, imigaqo kunye nemithetho elawulayo ehlangeneyo iyahluka-hluka ngokwamazwe, njengoko kunjalo ngamalungelo kunye namalungelo anikwe amalungu, abalawuli bamalungu, abalawuli kunye neebhodi. Kuyinto elula kwaye iyabiza kakhulu ukwenza i-LLC kwilizwe lakho okanye kwimeko yokuhlala, ngakumbi ukuba i-LLC yakho iya kuqhuba ishishini kwilizwe elinye nje. Ukwenza i-LLC kwilizwe lakho kuya kunciphisa inani leefilitha kwaye kungabi phantsi kwe-LLC kwiimfuno zokwenza iifayile kunye nemirhumo. Nangona kunjalo, zikho ezinye izibonelelo zokwenyani, kuxhomekeke kuhlobo lweshishini ojonge ukuqhuba kunye neemeko zerhafu onqwenela ukuthatha ithuba, xa usifaka kwamanye amabango afana neDelaware neNevada.

Xa uqhuba ushishino kulo naliphi na ilizwe elingelilo eli ungenwe kulo okanye ishishini lakho, uya kunyanzeleka ukuba ufake ifayile “yeLungelo lokuQinisekiswa kwaMazwe ngaMazwe” kwelo lizwe elithile, neliya kuthi likonyuse umrhumo kunye nephepha elibhaliweyo (umz. Iqumrhu lakho lenziwe ngaphakathi Unqabile kodwa unqwenela ukuqhuba ishishini eCalifornia, eCalifornia uyakufuna isiQinisekiso saNgaphandle) -kungekhona umqobo omkhulu, ngakumbi ukuba ivolumu yeshishini inyanzelisa iindleko zongezwe, kodwa ngokuqinisekileyo kufanelekile ukuba ziqwalaselwe. Kwakhona qwalasela ukuba iqumrhu elingaphandle okanye i-LLC, xa sele ikulungele ukuqhuba ishishini kwelinye ilizwe, iphantsi kwemirhumo yerhafu kunye neefizi zengxelo zonyaka ezivela kurhulumente wokuzibandakanya kunye nelizwe elikwimeko efanelekileyo. Uncedo lokwenza i-LLC kwilizwe elinerhafu yengeniso ephantsi kakhulu okanye akukho rhafu yengeniso alikho mgangathweni njengoko inokuthi ivele kwezinye iimeko.

Oko kuthethwe, siyathanda I-Wyoming LLC ngaphezulu kwalo naliphi na elinye ilizwe. KwiWyoming ilungu elinye nelungu le-LLC libonelela ngokukhuselwa kwee-asethi kumatyala omthetho xa umntu emangalela ilungu le-LLC. Kukwabiza iindleko rhoqo ngonyaka kunokhetho ezimbini ezidumileyo, Delaware kunye Nevada.

Iingcinga malunga nokwenza i-LLC eDelaware okanye eNevada

Ngenxa yokuba i-Delaware neNevada ziqhelekile njengezaziwa njengezishishini ezi pro-pro kwaye zilungele iintlobo ezininzi zamashishini, ziba yimimandla etsala "ukwakhiwa kwamanye amazwe."

Delaware

I-Delaware ithathwa njengendawo yokudibanela yabaninzi, kwaye ithathwa ngokuba inemithetho “yanamhlanje” ngakumbi nengaguquguqukiyo elawula amaqumrhu amiswe apho, nokuba neshishini kakhulu. Kananjalo, izicelo zenkampani kunye ne-LLC zibonwa njengephambili, ngenkonzo egqwesileyo kunye nokujika okufanelekileyo okubonelelwe ngabasebenzi bakarhulumente wengingqi-ngokubanzi ngokukhawuleza kunakwamanye amazwe. Ngaphezulu kwesiqingatha seenkampani ezithengiswa esidlangalaleni kwaye ngaphezulu kwe-58% yeenkampani ze-Fortune 500 ziqukiwe eDelaware ngezibonelelo ezibonelelwe ngala mashishini makhulu, ngakumbi ezo "ziye esidlangalaleni," okanye zithengise izitokhwe kwimarike evulekile.

Ezinye zezibonelelo zibandakanya:

    • Ukudityaniswa kwasekuqaleni okuncinci okanye indleko ze-LLC

    • Akukho rhafu yengeniso yeshishini equkeneyo kwi-Delaware kodwa ayitshintshiseli kwishishini kurhulumente.

    • Inkundla yeDelaware yeChancery, inkqubo yenkundla esemthethweni eyahlukileyo, ayisebenzisi zimbumbulu, kodwa isebenzisa iijaji ezityunjiweyo ngolwazi lwazo lomthetho ophathelene nokusingatha izigqibo zomthetho ezihlanganisiweyo.

    • Umntu omnye unokubamba zonke izikhundla zegosa lombutho, kwaye la magama akufuneki adweliswe kumanqaku okufakwa.

    • Abanini zabelo, abalawuli, kunye namagosa ombutho akufuneki babe ngabemi baseDelaware.

    Izabelo zezitokhwe ngabantu abangaphandle kweDelaware azixhomekeki kwiirhafu zeDelaware.

Nevada

I-Nevada iyaphawuleka ngenxa yokunqongophala kwetax yengeniso yenkampani kunye nerhafu yengeniso yomntu-oku kunokuba yinto entle ukuba ukujonga irhafu yinto enkulu. Ikwavumela nenqanaba elikhulu labucala lemibutho kunye nabanini zabelo. Ngenxa yoko iNevada inokuba yinto entle kumaqumrhu aseCarlifonia nakwamanye amazwe aseNtshona Melika. Ngelixa naliphi na iqumrhu loluntu elinokufumana isibonelelo kummiselo oguqukayo we-Nevada, i-Nevada inomdla ngokukhethekileyo kumashishini aphethwe ngabucala, njengoko imigaqo yommiselo engagqibekanga ilungiselelwe ulawulo. Njengokuba kunjalo ngokwakha iqumrhu kwiDelaware, abagxeki ngokusekwa kwemibutho eNevada bakholelwa ukuba imithetho yayo kunye neenkundla zinobuhlobo kakhulu neenkampani.

Izibonelelo zokuseka i-Nevada Corporation:

    • Ubungqwabalala kwiBhodi yaBalawuli kulawulo lwemicimbi yombutho,

    • Ukuvumela abaphathi ukuba babeke ukhuseleko olucekeceke kwabathathe intiyo.

    • Iinkundla ezikwelo lizwe zijolise ekusetyenzisweni komthetho odibeneyo kunakwiinkundla zamanye amazwe

    • Iinkundla zikaNevada ziphuhlisa umthetho oluluqilima wolawulo lwamatyala asebenza ukunika oorhulumente kunye nengcebiso yabo kwimiba yolawulo lwendibaniselwano.

    Isakhiwo serhafu yeNevada sikwenzuzo enkulu yokufakwa kwi-Nevada. I-Nevada ayinayo irhafu yefransi. Ikwakungekho rhafu yengeniso yomdibaniso okanye irhafu yengeniso yomntu.

Izityholo malunga nemicimbi yangaphakathi yamashishini e-Nevada zifakwa kwiNkundla yeSithili saseNevada, kwaye angabhenelwa kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yase-Nevada.

I-Delaware LLCs

Ngo-Okthobha we-1992, umthetho weDelaware wabonwa ziNkampani zoThengiso oluTshintshileyo (i-LLC) -ngokukhawuleza kwaqala. Njengoko igama lisitsho, ukwenza iNkampani eNamatyala uxanduva lokubonelela ngokhuseleko kumalungu kunye nezibonelelo ezithile zerhafu, ngakumbi kwishishini nakwindawo enobuntu eDelaware. Kwaye iinkampani ze-Fortune 500 zidla ngokuvuma-ngaphezulu kwesiqingatha seenkampani ze-Fortune 500 iinkampani zikhetha ukuyifaka eDelaware. Imeko encinci yeDelaware iyakhawuleza ukuba yaziwe njengendawo yokushishina phakathi kwamashishini amakhulu kunye nee-NSs ezikhangela indawo enobuhlobo beshishini, kunye neenkundla kunye neenkqubo eziqonda ilizwe elinamaxesha amaninzi elinobumbano. Inxalenye enkulu yomtsalane kulo rhulumente yinto yokuba urhulumente angahlawulisi irhafu yengeniso yenkampani kwiinkampani ezingasebenziyo kurhulumente, nangona onke amaziko emibutho yaseDelaware kunye nee-LLC kufuneka ahlawule irhafu yonyaka yecandelo. Imithetho ye-Delaware (okt umthetho we-Delaware General Corporation Law) yenzelwe ukuvumela ukuguquguquka okuphezulu kwizakhiwo kunye nokusebenza. Ngokungqinelana nokuguquguquka okukhoyo kwe-LLC, umntu unokuqala ukubona ukulungiswa kokwenza i-LLC eDelaware. Ukwenza i-LLC eDelaware kukwabonelela ngokukhuselwa kwamalungu kumatyala nezeshishini kwezomthetho, izibonelelo zerhafu ezinokubakho, ukonyusa ubumfihlo, nokunyusa ubukhulu beshishini. Ngelixa kukho inani lezinto ekufuneka ziqwalaselwe ngaphambi kokuthatha isigqibo sokuba i-Delaware yeyona ifanelekileyo kwinkampani yakho, ukuba ezi zinto ziyasebenza kuwe kunye neshishini lakho, ke ukwenza i-LLC yakho eDelaware kungabonelela wena kunye Inkampani

Izinto ekufuneka ziqwalaselwe

I-LLC ibonelela izibonelelo kunye nokuguquguquka kobunini njengentsebenziswano, ngelixa kwangaxeshanye inikezela ngoxanduva oluncinci lokukhusela kunye nokukhuselwa kweeasethi zenkampani. Ukongeza kolu khuseleko lwamatyala angenamda, zikwakhona izibonelelo zerhafu ezinkulu ekufuneka zilungisiwe ukususela ekumiselweni kwe-LLC. I-Delaware LLC ivumela inani elincinci njengelungu elinye okanye amalungu amaninzi njengoko inkampani yakho izimisele ukubakho, kungabikho mda kumanani, kwaye kungabikho mida inxulumene neentlobo zesitokhwe. Inkampani kufuneka ikhethe ilungu elilawulayo elingumzekelo wentloko yombutho kwaye linoxanduva lolawulo lwalo. Inzuzo okanye ilahleko yombutho weshishini idlula ngokuthe ngqo kwiNgxelo yeNgeniso yeLizwe yokubuyisa ingeniso (“dlula kwirhafu”), kungekho rhafu kwinqanaba le-LLC. Inzuzo eseleyo ye-LLC ayithathwa njengengeniso efunyenwe ngaMalungu (nangona inokuba yeLungu eliLawulayo njengenyathelo elilodwa loncedo "lokufumana inzuzo" jonga ngezantsi), kwaye ke ngoko ayixhomekeki kwirhafu yokuzenzela umsebenzi.

Nje ukubaonyulo lokwenza i-LLC lwenziwe, kubalulekile ukuba kwenziwe isivumelwano esibhaliweyo esibhaliweyo esichaza ngokucacileyo iindlela zokuhambisa, amalungelo kunye nezibonelelo zamalungu kunye nelungu elilawulayo, ubutyebi, kunye nawaphi na amanye amalungelo, imisebenzi, imisebenzi kunye uxanduva oluyimfuneko ekusebenzeni ngokufanelekileyo kwe-LLC. IsiVumelwano esiSebenzayo sinokuthelekiswa nemithetho yedolophu, apho ebhalwe ngokuchanekileyo, kwaye nokubambelela ngokuqinileyo kuyo, iyanceda ekuqinisekiseni ukhuselo “lwenkampani” ye-LLC.

Olunye uncedo oluhlala luvela kwi-LLC kukuba aluthobeli cala linye, ulungelelwaniso lwendibaniselwano yenkampani ethe yafunyanwa yiC okanye S yombutho. Kunokuba lula ukumisela kunye nokuqhuba i-LLC, ngokuxhomekeka ekubeni umgangatho, obhaliswe kakuhle wesiVumelwano sokuSebenza ukhona.

IiNkundla eziNolwazi ngeShishini

Esona sizathu siphambili sokuba iDelaware ithathwe njengendawo yeshishini kungenxa yokuqonda ukuba inkqubo yabo yenkundla icekeceke kakhulu ekuqondeni nasekunyangeni iinkampani. Iinkundla ezikwelo lizwe ngokubanzi zithathwa njengamava ngakumbi ekusebenzeni komthetho ophathekayo kunamanye amazwe, ubukhulu becala yimveliso yeenkampani ezibandakanyiweyo apho. Iimpikiswano ngemicimbi yangaphakathi yamashishini amaDelaware zihlala zifakwa kwiNkundla yeChancery, enye yeenkundla zokugqibela zobulungisa (ngokuchasene “nomthetho”) kulo naliphi na ilizwe laseMelika. Ukuba yinkundla yokulingana, akukho zimbumbulu, kwaye amatyala ayo agqitywa ngabagwebi (okanye "Abachazeli") beNkundla. Aba chancithisi bathambekele ekubeni bazi "u-ins kunye nokuphuma" kwezehlo ezinzima zorhwebo kunye nezinto ezenziweyo kwaye ngenxa yoko banike izigwebo ezinobunzima kwimiba enokuthi iqubisane neenkundla zikarhulumente eziqhelekileyo. Ngenxa yokuba iNkundla yeChancery ayinakuwonga ngento eyonakeleyo ngemali, iNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseDelaware, inkundla yamatyala jikelele, nayo imamela kwaye ithathela ingqalelo inani elikhulu lamatyala phakathi kwamashishini abandakanya amabango emali. Okokugqibela, ngenxa yenani lemibutho ekhetha ukuyifaka eDelaware, inkundla ye-Federal Bankruptcy ekweso sikhundla isingatha imicimbi emininzi yokuhlawula amatyala, kunye nenkundla yesithili yaseMelika kwisithili saseDelaware ithathela ingqalelo impikiswano ezininzi zamalungelo obunikazi phakathi kwamashishini e-Delaware.

Imigaqo yokusebenzisa

Kwi-1980s, iRhuluneli yaseDelaware uPorre Samuel du Pont IV walusa umThetho woPhuculo lweZiko leMali ngeNdibano ye-Delaware General Assembly. Isenzo sasincedisa ekupheliseni phantse yonke imithetho yokusebenzisa imali ngenkani e-Delaware, ukunika iibhanki inkuthazo kwangoko yokuqalisa inkxaso-mali yamakhadi okuthenga ngetyala eDelaware, njengoko umthetho we-Federal ubonelela ukuba ukusikelwa umda, okanye ukunqongophala kwayo, kuthintelwe kulawulo lwekhaya lebhanki apho ibhanki iqhuba ishishini. Oku kukhuthaze ukuqhamka kukhuphiswano phakathi kweebhanki ukukhupha amakhadi okuthenga ngetyala ngamaxabiso ahluka-hlukeneyo kumanqanaba awahlukeneyo amatyala abathengi. Kwaye ngenxa yommiselo omncinci we Delaware yokuhlawuliswa kwenzalo, iibhanki zakwazi ukukhupha amakhadi enzala ephezulu.

Izibonelelo kunye neziBonelelo zokuFunda i-Delaware LLC

  • Ukukhuselwa kweeasethi kuxanduva. Amalungu e-Delaware LLC ayonwabela ukubanoxanduva, oku kuthetha ukuba akhuselwe buqu kulo naluphi na uxanduva lwe-LLC kunye nezigwebo eziphumeleleyo, nakwi-LLC uqobo. Couple that nodumo lweNkundla yeShishini ngokusebenza ngokufezekileyo nangobulungisa namava abo kwimithetho yomdibaniso, kwaye isibonelelo sicacile.
  • Inkqubo yeShishini kunye neArhente yolwazi lwenkundla.
  • Imithetho ye-Usury yebhanki.
  • Izibonelelo zeRhafu. Intlawulo yeDelaware akukho rhafu yengeniso yeshishini kwiinkampani ezingasebenziyo kurhulumente, nangona onke amaziko eDelaware kufuneka ehlawule irhafu yonyaka yenqkubo.
  • I-Delaware LLC ivumela ubunini "obuninzi-obuninzi" apho umbutho we-S okanye uC ungamalungu-oku kunokuvumela izibonelelo zerhafu enkulu, kunye nokukhusela uxanduva lokuhlawula amatyala.
  • IDelaware ivumela "ilungu elinye" ii-LLC.
  • I-LLC ivumela "ulwabiwo olulodwa" lweenzuzo-ukwahlulahlula inzuzo kunye neelahleko zelungu (kwiipesenti ezahlukeneyo kunobunini bazo). Oku kuthetha ukuba aMalungu angazonwabela izibonelelo zokufumana iingeniso (kunye nokubhala ilahleko) ngaphezulu kwepesenti yobunini bawo, ukuba nje icacisiwe kwisivumelwano sokuSebenza.
  • Ukulawula isabelo seLungu leNgeniso leNgeniso kuthathwa njengengeniso ngenxa yokuba iLungu eliphetheyo lithathwa njengomnini-osebenzayo- ke ngoko kufanelekile ukuba lilungu eliphetheyo lonyango.
  • Isabelo samalungu selungelo elisezantsi ("umnatha") wenzuzo ye-LLC ayijongwa njengengeniso, kwaye ke ayixhomekeki kwirhafu yokuziqeshisa.
  • Amalungu ahlawulelwa ngokusebenzisa ukuhanjiswa kwenzuzo okanye iintlawulo eziqinisekisiweyo. Ukusasazwa kwenzuzo kuvumela ilungu ngalinye ukuba lizibhatale ngokwalo ngokubhala iitshekhi- ngalo lonke ixesha bafuna imali (ukuba ishishini linemali ekhoyo). Iintlawulo eziqinisekisiweyo zibonisa umvuzo uzuze kumalungu, ngaloo ndlela ebafanelekela ukuba axhamle izibonelelo ze "nzuzo ezincitshisiweyo zerhafu".
  • ILungu eliLawulayo le-LLC linokutsala i-100% yeeprimiyamu ze-inshurensi yezempilo ayihlawulayo, ukuya kuthi ga kwinqanaba lesabelo sazo se-pro-rata sengeniso ye-LLC, kuba inzuzo ithathwa njengengeniso. Qaphela: Ukuba ilungu lifumene umvuzo, liya kulunga.
  • I-Arhente inokuba lilungu le-LLC. Oku kukuvumela ukuba udale inqanaba elongezelelweyo lobunini, elenzelwe ukwenza iziko elinokubonelela "ngeenzuzo zesiko" njengezicwangciso zomhlalaphantsi kunye nenqanaba elongezelelweyo lokuzikhusela kwityala.
  • NjengeLungu, unakho ukufaka isandla kwi-capital okanye kwezinye ii-asethi kwi-LLC, okanye ubolekise imali kwi-LLC ukubeka iidola okanye ixabiso kwishishini. Ungasusa iidola ngokuthatha imali-mboleko yakho (kunye nenzala), ukuhambisa inzuzo okanye intlawulo eqinisekisiweyo. Ukuba kukho naliphi na ilungu elifileyo, i-LLC inokuqhubeka nokuba ikhona-ngokuxhomekeke kuvoto elinye nelinye kuwo onke amalungu ashiyekileyo okanye isithembiso kwisivumelwano sokusebenza.
  • Izibonelelo zeRhafu. I-Delaware ivumela ukudlula kwiirhafu zee-LLC kunye nobambiswano, kwaye ayiqokeleli ubuqu, ubumbano, uluhlu lwezinto, ilungelo lokuthengisa, isipho, ukusebenza kweshishini okanye irhafu yokudlulisela irhafu. Kwaye “ngebhokisi yokukhangela” yomdibaniso werhafu, iDelaware LLC inokukhetha ukubhatalwa irhafu ngemodeli yentsebenziswano "ngokudlula" kwirhafu. Oku kungangqineka kulondolozo olukhulu kwishishini.
  • I-Delaware LLC inobomi obungapheliyo kwaye ubulungu bunokudluliselwa ngokulula. Kucetyiswa ukuba bangene kwiMvumelwano yaMalungu ukuba ezinye iimeko ziyafuneka.

Iintlawulo zeDelaware LLC kunye neendleko

Ngaphandle kwemali ye- $ 60 yefranti yaseburhulumenteni, ngokusekelwe kwinani kunye nexabiso lezabelo, ii-LLC kunye nolona manyano lwentelekelelo ihlawula i- $ 200.00 qho ngonyaka

Ukutshaja

Ukuba isigwebo sikhutshiwe nxamnye ne-LLC uqobo, inokuhlawulwa, kwaye impahla ye-LLC ibanjwe okanye ithengiswe ngentlawulo, ngendlela efanayo neya kuthi iphathwe ngayo. Ngokwahlukileyo, ukuba kugwetywa ngokugwetywa kwilungu elithile, kwaye ngesivumelwano sokusebenza esibhalwe kakuhle esichaza oko, usasazo oluqhelekileyo alunakunyanzeliswa ukuba lonelise ityala lesigqibo selungu (yiyo loo nto kubalulekile ukuba nesivumelwano sokusebenza esenziwe ngobuchule, 'ukukhusela kwakho kuncitshisiwe). Ababolekisi okanye abo banamatyala abagwebayo kufuneka banelise “ngeMiyalelo yokuBiza” ebanika amalungelo okusasazwa okwenziwe yi-LLC kwilungu elithile elibhalwe kwisigwebo. Oku kubanika amalungelo okwahambisa, kodwa akuchaphazeli amalungelo, impahla, okanye ukwabiwa kwamanye amalungu okanye kwe-LLC xa iyonke. Ezi ntlobo zokhuselo zibonisa umtsalane kwii-LLC ngabatyalomali abanokubakho.

Kuya kubonakala ukuba ukwenza i-LLC yakho eDelaware kunganikeza inzuzo enkulu yeshishini kwinkampani yakho, ngakumbi ukuba unqwenela ukusebenza ngaphandle korhulumente okanye kweminye imimandla. Abatyalomali abanokuba nomtsalane kukhuseleko nakukhuseleko lweeasethi ezichazwe ziinkqubo zesahlulo zenkundla zeshishini kunye nemithetho ejongene noluntu ngokubanzi eDelaware, kwaye urhulumente ubonelela ngesixa esikhulu sezibonelelo ngohlobo lokukhusela kwityala, ukukhusela impahla, irhafu, kunye ukuguquguquka kweshishini. Ukudibanisa okanye ukwenza i-LLC yakho eDelaware kuya kuhamba indawo enkulu ukwenza ukuba inkampani yakho ithembeke ngakumbi kwishishini kunye notyalo-mali.