Yintoni ukudibanisa?

Ukuqala kweshishini kunye neenkonzo zokukhusela iiasethi zobuqu.

Fumana

Yintoni ukudibanisa?

Ukudibanisa isenzo sokuseta into entsha “yeshishini” enikezela ishishini elithile, irhafu kunye nezibonelelo ezisemthethweni kumniniyo. Ngomthetho wokufaka, iqonga lezomthetho elahlukileyo lenziwa elinokuthi libe nobunini bepropathi, lihlawule irhafu, lisayine izivumelwano ezibophelelayo, kwaye likhusele nabanini bayo kwishishini nakumatyala emali. Kukho iimodeli ezahlukeneyo zezakhiwo ezinokuthi zikhethwe ngumnini-shishini, kuxhomekeka ekubeni zeziphi izibonelelo ezisemthethweni nezerhafu ezona ziluncedo kwimicimbi yenkampani yakhe.

  • Usomashishini ozimele
  • Ubambiswano ngokubanzi
  • Intsebenziswano encinci
  • Ubambiswano lweTyala eliDibeneyo
  • Limited Imfanelo Inkampani
  • IQumrhu

Ngolwazi olongezelelweyo kuzo zombini izinto ezingafakwanga kunye nezihlanganisiweyo zeshishini sinikeze ngolwazi oluthe kratya kumacandelo athandwayo kwinto yethu Iintlobo zezoshishino icandelo.


Usomashishini ozimele

Inkqubela phambili yeSole ichaza indlela elula yeshishini enziwe ngumntu. Amashishini amaninzi amancinci asebenza njengeSole Proprietorships (umzekelo, Ivenkile yakho "mama kunye nepop", Ivenkile yezihlangu, njl. Njl.); Nangona kunjalo, enye yezona zinto zinkulu zolu lwakhiwo kukuba umnini unoxanduva lobuqu kuzo zonke iimfanelo ezisemthethweni nezemali. Umthetho ohambelana neshishini okanye uphicotho lwerhafu lwe-IRS lubeka abanini bee-asethi zabo emngciphekweni wokuthathwa. Ngaphaya koko, yonke ingeniso yeshishini irhafiswa njengengeniso yomntu. Nangona ishishini lisenokukhetha ukusebenzisa igama lokurhweba (okanye "DBA," njl.njl.) Naliphi na igama lezorhwebo kufuneka libhaliswe kunobhala wedolophu / wesixeko apho ikhoyo ishishini) Umnini-shishini njengoko enokuba njalo nakwezinye iintlobo zeshishini.

Izibonelelo zeSole Proprietor

  • Umsebenzi omncinci wamaphepha
  • Izithintelo ezincinci zomthetho
  • Ukulula kokuchithwa
  • Ingeniso ebikwe kwiifom zomnini zerhafu

Ukungancedi kweSole Proprietor

  • Uxanduva lobuqu olungenamkhawulo lwamatyala kunye noxanduva lweShishini
  • Umnini unokuphulukana nezinto zakhe zobuqu kwezomthetho zeshishini
  • Amashishini aphela emva kokusweleka koMnini
  • Ukubanakho amandla okunyusa imali

Ubambiswano ngokubanzi

Ubambiswano ngokuBanzi luvumela amaqela amabini okanye nangaphezulu ukuba abelane ngoxanduva kunye nenzuzo yenkampani. Abo bantu banokwenzakaliswa yimibutho, abantu, amanye amahlakani, itrasti, okanye nayiphi na indibaniselwano yayo.

Izibonelelo zobuDlelwane Jikelele

  • Kulula Ukuseka
  • Amandla eziMali kunye nezoLawulo lokuPhatha zawo onke amaQabane zinokusetyenziswa

Ukungancedi kobambiswano ngokubanzi

  • Amahlakani achaphazeleka kuxanduva olungenamda lwamatyala asemthethweni nawezemali eshishini
  • Uxanduva olubangelwe okanye olwenziwe liqabane elinye lishiya onke amaqabane asesichengeni sokuthathwa kweshishini kunye nezinto zangasese
  • Ishishini liyayeka ukubakhona xa kusweleke uMlingane (kwiimeko apho ucwangciso lokuqhubeka kweshishini lungekho)
  • Amahlakani ayakwazi ukwenza ishishini kwizibophelelo ngaphandle kokufumana imvume kwamanye amaqabane

Intsebenziswano encinci

Ubume beshishini elinomda (i-LP) lokwenza umbutho owahlukileyo wezomthetho obandakanya iqabane okanye ngaphezulu ngokubanzi kunye neqabane elinye okanye elingaphezulu. La maqabane anqongopheleyo atyala imali kwishishini kwaye anqongophele kuxanduva lwawo lokulingana nexabiso lemali ayityalayo. Iqabane (iqabane) ngokubanzi lilawula ukusebenza kobambiswano kwaye linoxanduva lobuqu kwizibophelelo zalo kunye namatyala. Umbutho uhlala ubekwa kwindawo yeqabane ngokubanzi ukuze ukwazi ukuthwala uxanduva. Isininzi seevoti zamaqabane okuvota, ngaphandle kokuba kuchazwe ngenye indlela ngesivumelwano esibhaliweyo, sinokutshintsha ukuba ngubani osebenza njengeqela ngokubanzi.

Xa iqabane elilinganiselweyo lityholwa buqu kwaye kukhutshwe nesigwebo, loo nzala iqeshiweyo kwiQabane eliDibeneyo leQabane likhuselwe ekubambeni izinto ezifana nazo naziphi na izinto ezigcinwe bubambiswano olulinganiselweyo. Ngenxa yolu khuseleko, ubuhlakani obulinganiselweyo buhlala busetyenziswa ngokufanelekileyo ukukhusela iimpahla kubabolekisi.

Izibonelelo zobuhlakani obulinganiselweyo

  • Ii-asethi ezingaphakathi kwintsebenziswano encinci zingakhuseleka ekubambeni xa iqabane elilinganiselweyo liphulukana nomthetho.
  • Ingeniso eyenziwe liQabane eliQinisekileyo inikwa ingxelo kwiingeniso zerhafu yamaqabane
  • Amahlakani anqunyelweyo akhuselwe kwityala elityala leshishini
  • Ngesivumelwano sentsebenzo esilungiselelwe ngokufanelekileyo, akukho qokelelo kwisixa semali amaqabane ngokubanzi anokufumana imali kwishishini.
  • Ubambiswano olulinganiselweyo lunokuba nobunini bepropathi, lityholwa kwaye lihlawulwe ngenxa yobume babo njengeziko elisemthethweni

Ukungancedi kobambiswano oluncinci

  • Ubambiswano olulinganiselweyo lufuna amaxwebhu asemthethweni ngaphezulu kobuDlelwane Jikelele
  • Uxanduva lwamahlombe jikelele weQabane, ngoku lifuna elinye iqumrhu, njengequmrhu, ukuba lisebenze kwesi sikhundla

Ubambiswano lweTyala eliDibeneyo

Ubambiswano lweTyala eliLingeneyo (LLP) luhlala luqeshwa kwizenzo zobungcali ezinje ngomthetho, accounting kunye noyilo. Olu hlobo lwemibutho eyahlukeneyo yezomthetho ivumela ukhuseleko lwamatyala kuwo onke amaqabane ngokubanzi, kunye namalungelo olawulo. Kwiimeko ezininzi ubudlelwane boThintelo kuXinzelelo lubonelela ngoxanduva olulinganiselweyo olufumaneka kwiQumrhu. Ngeenjongo zerhafu, iQabane eliThembekileyo kuXinzelelo luyinto ehamba-ngaphakathi njengeQabane.

Izibonelelo ze-LLP

  • Ubambiswano lweTyala elinoMiselweyo libonelela ngenkqubo yezomthetho ukuqala kweshishini
  • Amahlakani anqunyelweyo akhuselekile kwityala lenkampani kuba uxanduva lwawo luxhomekeke kubungakanani bemali ayityalayo
  • Izahlulo ezihlawulwe kumaqabane ziyaxelwa kwimbuyiselo yerhafu yamaqabane
  • Akukho mfuneko yokuseta umhla wokupheliswa kwesivumelwano sokusebenzisana
  • Ubambiswano lweTyala Elinqongopheleyo linokuba nepropathi, lityholwa kwaye lihlawulwe ngenxa yobume babo njengeziko elisemthethweni

Ukungancedi kweLLP

  • Ubambiswano lweTyala elinoMiselweyo lifuna amaxwebhu asemthethweni ngaphezulu kokuthetha iNtsebenzo Jikelele ngenxa yendawo yayo njengeziko elisemthethweni
  • Ishishini lithathwa njengelichithwe xa ubambiswano olinoxanduva lokuTshitshiswa koLuntu luphulukene neqabane
  • Kwamanye amazwe kuphela iingcali, ezinjengamagqwetha, abakhi bezakhiwo kunye neeakhawunti banokusebenzisa olu hlobo lwequmrhu.

Limited Imfanelo Inkampani

Inkampani ineTyala elinoMda (“LLC”) inezibonelelo zokukhusela umthetho malunga neNkampani kunye nezibonelelo zokukhusela iiasethi zoBambiswano. Iinkampani ezinamatyala ezinto ezinqamlekileyo zidibanisa uxanduva olulinganiselweyo olufunyanwa kwiiManyano kunye nemeko yeRhafu kuMamkeli okanye uBambiswano, ngokubona kobunini. Umntu unokukhetha nokuba i-LLC irhafu njengequmrhu lika-C okanye iqabane lika-S. KwiNkampani eNamatyala eLizwe, abanini kubhekiswa kubo njengamalungu.

Xa i-LLC ibekwa ityala, amalungiselelo asemthethweni asekwe kwinqanaba lakhe njengequmrhu elisemthethweni ngokwahlukileyo lokukhusela ilungu ngalinye kuxanduva. Xa amalungu etyholwa ngobuqu, imigaqo ikhusela i-MD kunye neeasethi zayo ekubanjweni ngababolekisi. Ngenxa yezi zibonelelo, iNkampani eNamatyala eLizwe isoloko isetyenziselwa ukutyala imali kunye nokukhusela amalungu eengcali ezahlukeneyo zeefemu zobungcali ezikhulu (accounting, Legal, etc.).

Izibonelelo zeNkampani ezinamatyala eNqabileyo

  • Ukukhusela iiasethi zenkampani ukuba amalungu avalelwe
  • Ukukhusela amalungu ukuba inkampani ibanjiwe
  • Inkampani eneTyala elinoMda inokwenziwa lungu elinye okanye ngaphezulu
  • Amalungu e-LLC anokunyula omnye umntu, okanye iziko elilawula inkampani
  • Isivumelwano sokusebenza silawula Inkampani yeTyala elinoMda
  • Inkampani engenamatyala iyakwazi ukonwabela ukuhlala ixesha elide ngaphandle kokuba kuchazwe ngolunye uhlobo kumanqaku ombutho

Ukungancedi kweNkampani ezinamatyala eNqabileyo

  • Njengeziko elisemthethweni, iNkampani eNamatyala eNqamlekileyo ifuna amaxwebhu asemthethweni ngakumbi kunokuba kufunyanwa kwiProprietorship yeSole okanye kwiQabane ngokubanzi

IQumrhu

I-arhente ithathwa njengomthetho njengeziko elisemthethweni okanye "umntu" owahlukileyo kwabo bangabanini okanye abalawulayo. IZiko linokufaka iifayile njenge-C-Corporation, okanye njenge-S-Corporation. I-S-Corporation yi-C-Corporation yangaphambili eyenza iifayile ze-IRS 2553 ukuba zikhethe inqanaba lerhafu. I-S-Corporation idlulile ngokudlula kwirhafu, inomda phakathi kwe-75 kunye ne-100 okanye izabelo ezimbalwa (kuxhomekeke kwakweliphi ilizwe), kwaye ayinakuba nabanini zabelo abangahlali base-US. I-C-Corporations inokuba nenani elingenamkhawulo labanini bezabelo, bavunyelwe ukuba babe zi-US kunye / okanye nabangabanini bezabelo zase-US, kwaye babhatalwa irhafu ngenzuzo yonke. I-C-Corporate inokuphelisa iindleko zonyango kunye ne-inshurensi yomqeshwa.

Zombini uC kunye neekampani zinokuba nesicwangciso sepenshini. Imali ehlawulwa kwisicwangciso sepenshini itsalwa komnye umbutho kwaye ayihlawuliswa rhafu kumqeshwa. Imali ngaphakathi kwisicwangciso sepenshini inokukhula ngaphandle kwerhafu kude kube kurhoxisiwe ngomhlala-phantsi.

Izibonelelo zeManyano

  • Abanini zabelo (abanini) beNkampani bakhuselwa kwityala xa ishishini libanjwa
  • Ixesha elihlala lihleli leNkampani ngaphandle kokuba kuchazwe ngenye indlela kwiSiqinisekiso sokuBandakanywa
  • Abanini bayo uxanduva labo lokulinganiselana kwinani elihlawulezileyo kwisabelo sabo esitokhwe
  • Ukusebenza kweZiko akuchatshazelwa kukudluliswa kwezabelo, okanye ukusweleka komnini zabelo
  • Iqumrhu lingabanepropathi, lityholwa kwaye lihlawulwe ngenxa yobume babo njengeziko elisemthethweni

Ukungancedi kwamashishini

  • Ukugcinwa kwerekhodi elincinci
  • Ubhaliso kwiirejista zikarhulumente

Xa sele ifakiwe, kukho amanyathelo ambalwa afanelekileyo anokuthatha anokunceda umntu ukuba axhamle izibonelelo zombutho. Umzekelo, ukufunyanwa kwe-Federal tax ID kwi-IRS linyathelo elibalulekileyo. Ukuba kufayilishwa njenge-S-Corporation, ifom ye-IRS i-2553 kufuneka ifayilishwe ngaphambi komhla we-16 wenyanga yesithathu yonyaka werhafu ukuba unyulo luza kuqala, okanye ngalo naliphi na ixesha kunyaka werhafu uqhubeka unyaka werhafu u-S- I-arhente iyakuqala ukusebenza. Emva kokufumana inombolo ye-ID yeRhafu yengeniso, amanqaku okufakelwa, kunye nesatifikethi esifayilishwe ngurhulumente, i-akhawunti yebhanki eyahlukileyo kufuneka isungulwe yeshishini, ngokuqonda ukuba "ukuhlangana" kunye iimali zeshishini akufuneki zenzeke. Kufuneka kuthathelwe ingqalelo yokuba naluphi na uxwebhu olulandelayo lufayilishwa kurhulumente njengoko kufuneka, njengoluhlu lwamagosa nabalawuli, kwanokuba unobhala unikwe uxanduva lokugcina iMizuzu yeNdibano. Ukuba kuyafuneka, qiniseka ukuba ufumana ilayisensi yeshishini elikwindawo esebenza kuyo inkampani. Isiluleko esifanelekileyo sokuba nochwephesha werhafu onamava kubumbano lwecustomer kulungiso lweefilimu ezifunekayo. Apha ngezantsi sisishwankathelo sezinto ezibalulekileyo omele uzikhumbule emva kokuba kuziswe indibano:

  • Fumana inombolo yokuchonga irhafu
  • Yenza isikhundla se-S-Corporation ukuba uyafuna
  • Vula iakhawunti yebhanki yeNkampani
  • Ifayile elandelwayo ekufuneka ilandelwe njengoluhlu lwamagosa nabalawuli, ukuba kufuneka njalo
  • Nxibelelana nengcali yeRhafu ngonyaka